It’s interesting to note that the term “World of Tohu” which is so often cited in discussions of Ar”i’s system doesn’t appear in those sections of the Zohar that he drew from in his explanations of the process, or from any other section of it (in fact Ar”i refers to a world of both Tohu and of Bohu in Eitz Chaim Sha’ar HaKlallim 1). And while Ar”i contrasts Nikkudim with Akudim and Verudim there in Eitz Chaim (11:1) Ramchal doesn’t delve into that here at all.
(c) 2012 Rabbi Yaakov Feldman
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Rabbi Yaakov Feldman has also translated and commented upon “The Path of the Just” and “The Duties of the Heart” (Jason Aronson Publishers).