The most explicit Scriptural allusion to a Day of Judgment is found in the Book of Malachi (3:19-23). It speaks of the retribution of the wrongful, of the rewarding of the righteous, and of the arrival of Elijah the prophet to announce it all.
“’The day is coming, burning like a furnace, when all the proud and the evildoers will be (turned to) stubble; the day that is coming will set them ablaze’, says the Lord of Hosts, ‘and it will leave them neither root nor branch’. ‘But to you who fear My name, the sun of righteousness will rise with healing in its wings; and you will break out leaping, like calves released from the stall. You will trample the wicked, they will be ashes under the soles of your feet on the day when I take action,’ says the Lord of Hosts. ‘(So,) remember the Torah of Moses my servant, which I enjoined on him at (Mount) Horeb, (with) laws and rulings for all of Israel.’ ‘Look, I will send to you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and terrible Day of God’.”
(c) 2014 Rabbi Yaakov Feldman
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Rabbi Yaakov Feldman has also translated and commented upon “The Path of the Just” and “The Duties of the Heart” (Jason Aronson Publishers).